3 spalio

Animacinis filmas apie Lenkijos istoriją „Nenugalėtieji”

Niezwyciężeni

Lenkijos Tautos atminties institutas sukūrė filmą „Nenugalėtieji”. Tai animacinis filmas apie naujausią Lenkijos istoriją.

Neįtikėtinas filmas apie lenkų heroizmą parodantis, lenkų kovą už laisvę nuo pirmosios Antrojo pasaulinio karo dienos iki komunizmo žlugimo Europoje 1989 metais.

Kviečiame susipažinti!

The Unconquered – animation about Poland’s recent history

Made at the initiative of the Institute of National Remembrance, the film shows Poles’ struggle for freedom from the first day of WWII until the fall of communism in Europe in 1989. The animation presents the turning points and the heroes of Poles’ fifty-year-long struggle for freedom.

History is presented by one protagonist, who on the one hand is a symbol of the Polish struggle for a free state, and on the other uses each scene to talk about historical figures such as Cavalry Captain Witold Pilecki, the co-founder of the Polish Underground Army, Irena Sendler, who saved over 2,500 Jewish children during WWII, and Witold Urbanowicz, the commander of 303 Squadron. The production also tells the story of General Stanisław Maczek, the 1st Armoured Division commander during the campaign to free Western Europe from the German occupation in 1944, Jan Karski, the first person to deliver a report on the Holocaust to the Allied Powers, and Marian Rejewski, a Polish mathematician and cryptologist who broke the Enigma code.
“With this film we want to start an international educational campaign presenting the 1939–1989 period from a Polish historical perspective. I have a feeling that with The Unconqueredwe have returned to the perspective embraced by soldiers of General Władysław Anders’ 2nd Polish Corps, that is to an uncompromising struggle for our country’s freedom” says Adam Hlebowicz, Vice-Director of the Office of National Education of the Institute of National Remembrance. “It is the voice of a sovereign state which had mustered the fourth largest army for this war, made the greatest sacrifices, and was the only state to have fought in this war from day one. Without the Polish perspective it is not possible to fully grasp the course as well as the consequences of WWII,” he adds.
Once they have seen the film, viewers are directed to a website especially designed for this purpose which presents facts and personal histories of the Poles featured in the animation. The Unconqueredwas for the first time presented before the 78th anniversary of the Soviet invasion of Poland. The film’s English version narrated by the British actor Sean Bean, and the Polish version by Mirosław Zbrojewicz.

MFA Press Office 

 

NENUGALĖTIEJI

 

27 spalio

(Polski) KOMUNIKAT INSTYTUTU POLSKIEGO W WILNIE

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Przepraszamy, ten wpis dostępny jest wyłącznie w języku polskim

27 sausio

International Day of Remembrance for the Victims of the Holocaust

Auschwitz-Birkenau

International Day of Remembrance for the Victims of the Holocaust

The German Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau is the most recognizable symbol of the Holocaust and the most well-known site of genocide in the world. In 2005, on the 60. anniversary of the liberation of the camp, the UN General Assembly established January 27th as the International Day of Remembrance for the Victims of the Holocaust.

The Auschwitz camp was the largest German concentration and extermination camp. It was created as a result of the growing number of mass arrests of Poles by the occupying force and the overcrowding of existing prisons in German-occupied Poland.

Two years later, the camp also became one of the centres used for the implementation of the Endlösung der Judenfrage (the ‘final solution’ to the Jewish question) – the Nazi plan to murder Jews who inhabited the areas occupied by Nazi Germany.

In Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp alone, the German criminals murdered between 1 and 1.5 million people, including about one million Jews, many of whom were citizens of the Republic of Poland.

The German apparatus of terror carried out the Holocaust not only in Auschwitz but also in hundreds of other concentration camps across Germany, allied Axis states and in areas occupied by them, in ghettos as well as during executions carried out on the streets of many European villages and towns. It is estimated that 6 million Jews were killed during World War II.

Thousands of graves, monuments and other places of remembrance pay tribute to the memory of the mass genocide. During the war, Auschwitz-Birkenau was particularly infamous. Although many victims of the Holocaust do not even have their own graves, their memory is kept alive by people, institutions and events such as the International Day of Remembrance for the Victims of the Holocaust.

During the Second World War, the Polish government-in-exile and thousands of Poles, guided by their sense of shared human solidarity, were involved in helping Jews, despite the fact that the punishment for doing so in occupied Poland was the death penalty. Operating under the auspices of the Polish Government in Exile, the Council to Aid Jews „Żegota“ was the only state organization in occupied Europe which was established specifically to save Jews. Poles also constitute the largest group to be awarded the Righteous Among the Nations title, bestowed by Yad Vashem’s Holocaust Martyrs’ and Heroes’ Remembrance Authority.

One of the Righteous Among the Nations is Irena Sendler. While working at the City of Warsaw’s Department of Social Welfare, in 1939-1942 Sendler and her colleagues saved almost 2,500 Jewish children from the Warsaw Ghetto. The Sejm of the Republic of Poland established 2018 as the Year of Irena Sendler.

2 vasario

GermanDeathCamps.info – Polish Radio’s educational website

german death camp info

GermanDeathCamps.info – Polish Radio’s educational website

The new GermanDeathCamps.info website is a collection of information related to German, Nazi concentration and extermination camps in the Second World War. The site is available in three languages – English, German and Polish.

“In the face of attempts to falsify history, Polish Radio has a duty to defend the truth. This is our obvious duty as a public broadcaster, but we owe it to the victims – especially those who during the German occupation sacrificed their lives and those of their loved ones in order to save Jews. We want there to be no doubt in the world regarding who is responsible for the creation of the concentration camps in the area of German-occupied Poland,” Director of Polish Radio Jacek Sobala said.

The website was created using archival recordings from Polish Radio, as well as materials collected by historians from Poland, Germany and Israel, with whom the creators of the website cooperate. Based on these resources film sketches were created bearing historical accounts of witnesses – prisoners of German concentration and extermination camps.

The site includes an interactive map of Europe occupied by Nazi Germany, marked with the largest extermination camps, their commanders’ names, the dates they were operational and the number of victims.

https://www.polskieradio.pl/320/6213

Also presented are examples of contemporary falsifications regarding the history of the camps, including press, television and Internet publications. The website contains expert statements, including those of Prof. Chodakiewicz, Prof. Martin Schulze Wessel, the last „Nazi hunter“ Efraim Zuroff and Prof. Jerzy Eisler.

25 vasario

(Polski) Nagroda „Kustosz Pamięci Narodowej”

Kustosze Pamięci Narodowej 2014. fot. Piotr Gajewski

Przepraszamy, ten wpis dostępny jest wyłącznie w języku polskim

27 vasario

(Polski) Konkurs na polski eksponat do Kwatery Głównej NATO

Konkurs-ogloszenie_07

Przepraszamy, ten wpis dostępny jest wyłącznie w języku polskim

1 kovo

„Cursed Soldiers“ National Remembrance Day

żołnierze wyklęciPL

„Cursed Soldiers“ National Remembrance Day 

For many soldiers, the dissolution of the Home Army in 1945 did not mean the end of the struggle for a just cause. On the contrary, the Red Army’s occupation of the territories of the Republic of Poland, resulting in the disbanding of the Polish Underground State, was the beginning of a new battle for a free Poland and its good name as well as, in time, a struggle to preserve historical truth.
„The war is not over [...]. We will never agree to a different life, except in a completely sovereign, independent and just Polish State [...]. I give you my last order. Continue your work and activities in the spirit of regaining full independence of the state”, the last commander of the Home Army, General Leopold Okulicki wrote in a farewell order to Home Army officers and soldiers in January 1945.
The first structures in the East, created in the event of the occupation of Polish territories by the Red Army, were established in 1943. The year 1945 brought with it such intense armed resistance to the violence imposed by the state that in many areas it assumed the scale of an anti-communist uprising. Joint efforts by civilian and military organizations, including the famous „Freedom and Independence“ group, aimed at providing the necessary measures for self-defence and maintaining morale in the nation. The purpose of the Underground was to ensure the implementation of the Yalta arrangements concerning Poland, including those regarding the conduct of democratic, free elections.
It is estimated that close to 200,000 people were active in the armed underground during the next years of the resistance activity. Only some of them fought in partisan units, the rest provided food, intelligence, shelter and communications. The soldiers died not only in battle – many were murdered in prisons, following death sentences issued by the Stalinist authorities.
Punishment was applied without respect for the right to a fair and impartial trial, without any chance to defend oneself. The detained soldiers were convicted on fake charges: collaboration with the German invader. The authorities fought against the anti-communist underground not only by means of the army and militia, but also propaganda.
Tired of a prolonged war, deprived of their commanding officerswho were shot or taken to the East, exposed to cruel punishments, most soldiers came out of hiding in February 1947. A select few kept on fighting – up until the 1950s. The last “Cursed Soldier” Józef Franczak aka „Laluś“ was shot during a raid in the autumn of 1963. It wasn’t until the 1960s that many former soldiers were released from prisons and Soviet labour camps, others hid under false names until the end of the Polish People’s Republic. Poland’s communist regime soughtto completely erase the anti-Communist underground from the nation’s collective memory.
The memory, however, survived and was revived in the 1990s. It was then that the “Cursed Soldiers“ concept was born, and historians began undertaking serious research. Since 2011, on the anniversary of the death of seven members of the last Main Leadership of the „Freedom and Independence“ Association, executed in a Mokotow prison, we mark National Remembrance Day of the „Cursed Soldiers.“ Erased from memory or depicted as individual raids and crimes for decades, today the history of the Cursed Soldiers is a story of the struggle for the right to self-determination, a symbol of bravery and of a desire for freedom.

MFA Press Office

10 balandžio

Eighth anniversary of the Smolensk plane crash

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Eighth anniversary of the Smolensk plane crash 

In the early morning hours of 10 April 2010, a special Tu-154M plane crashed near Smolensk, with Polish President Lech Kaczyński and First Lady Maria Kaczyńska on board, killing all 96 passengers – top state officials, military commanders, and the plane crew.

The state delegation was flying to Katyn to mark the 70th anniversary of the Katyn Massacre. The crash killed the President of the Republic of Poland Lech Kaczyński, the First Lady Maria Kaczyńska, the last President of Poland in Exile Ryszard Kaczorowski, the Deputy Speakers of the Sejm and Senate, a group of parliamentarians, commanders of all branches of the Polish Armed Forces, staff of the Chancellery of the President, heads of state institutions, clergymen, representatives of ministries and veteran and social organisations, accompanying persons, as well as the plane crew.

The passengers on board were on their way to pay tribute to 22,000 Polish officers – prisoners of war – murdered in the spring of 1940 by the Soviet NKVD. The Katyn forest, Miednoye, Kharkiv, and Bykovnia in present-day Russia and Ukraine are the sites of mass murders of Polish prisoners of war: officers, scientists, clergymen, civil servants, and entrepreneurs.

“The future should be built on truth and that is why the truth about Katyn is so important because it brings with it justice and a healing of the heart,” these were some of the words from the speech which President Lech Kaczyński was going to deliver in Katyn.

The 96 victims of the plane crash also included long-standing, distinguished members of the foreign service: Andrzej Kremer, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs in charge of legal, treaty and consular affairs; Mariusz Handzlik, Undersecretary of State in the Chancellery of the President of the Republic of Poland, who worked at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1994 to 2005, serving among others as Deputy Director of the Security Policy Department; Stanisław Jerzy Komorowski, Deputy Minister of National Defence, acting Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs in 2005-2006; and Mariusz Kazana, Director of the Diplomatic Protocol.

The events of 10 April 2010 shocked millions of Poles at home and abroad as well the international public. Poland is still waiting for the Russian authorities to return the wreckage of the government plane with the black boxes, which would allow obtaining full knowledge about the causes of this tragedy.

MFA Press Office

10 balandžio

Polish Talent Support

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Polish Talent Support is a new project addressed to young Polish artists permanently living abroad who work in the field of fashion, photography and acting.

The project has been created and is executed at the Cracow School of Art and Fashion Design, educational institution with 20 years of history and many international successes in fashion design, photography, drama and interior design. Since 2009 Cracow School of Art and Fashion Design has been organizing the Cracow Fashion Week.

Polish Talent Support aims at promoting and supporting Polish fashion, photography and acting talents, both already widely recognized as well as new artists on the international scene. We want to promote young artists living and working abroad.

We hope that in this way we will manage to convince some of them to come back to Poland and at the same time show how many creative artists of Polish origin we have around the World.

More information: http://polishtalentsupport.com/

15 gegužės

Contest for the best publications promoting the history of Poland and Polish diplomacy

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Contest for the best publications promoting the history of Poland and Polish diplomacy 

The Minister of Foreign Affairs announces a contest for the best foreign language publication promoting the history of Poland and the best Polish language publication on the history of Polish diplomacy. The competition welcomes books published in 2017. Historians are invited to make their submissions until 15 May 2018.

Submissions should be in book form only (academic monographs, popular science publications, or source editions), and have no more than three authors. The contest’s top prize in the category “Best foreign language publication promoting Poland’s history” is worth 10,000 euros. 20,000 zlotys will go to the winning work in the category “Best publication on the history of Polish diplomacy.”

The contest prizes will be awarded by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, at the request of the Historical Diplomacy Council.

How to enter:

In order to enter the competition, please send your book to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs by 15 May 2018 (receipt date by the MFA).

Entries must include three copies, if possible accompanied by published reviews, opinions and peer reviews.

This year’s contest is open only to books published in 2017.

Entries must be either submitted by post to the following address: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Department of Public and Cultural Diplomacy, Al. J. Ch. Szucha 23, 00-580 Warsaw; with envelopes marked ‘History Contest of the Minister of Foreign Affairs’ or delivered at the MFA Incoming Correspondence Log (entrance from Litewska Street), Monday to Friday, 8.15am. to 4.15pm.

The MFA will not be returning the copies submitted for the contest.

Please contact ddpk.sekretariat@msz.gov.pl for any questions about the contest, writing ‘History Contest of the Minister of Foreign Affairs’ in the email subject line.

The entries will be primarily assessed in terms of how their content fits for the purposes of implementing Polish foreign policy.

You can find more information on the contest’s rules in Order n°24 of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of 18 July 2017 on the History Contest of the Minister of Foreign Affairs (with annexes).